Even if one does not look for a reduction of meaning to the mentalistic facts that Grice appeals to, can his approach give us some account of the nature of speech-acts?
Up to now we have seen that fact of the matter or factuality is for Quine a question of what there is, a question of ontology, which means that, when Quine talks of factuality or facts of the matter, he talks about extralinguistic reality.
Perhaps Quine says that ordinary language is loosely factual because in ordinary language we talk in a way that is only analogous to real talk about objects identified.
The last type of statement, actual ethical judgements, really do not "belong to ethical philosophy. But the relevant idea of a type here is complicated. Themes in Philosophical Logic.
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Besides being a co-author of three books, the author of numerous papers in professional journals, many of which have had more impact upon scholarship in philosophy and logic than most books, Professor Quine has written five books and has two more in progress.
There he agrees with Gibson that the issue is ontological. He identifies theories with sets of sentences, not with sets of sentence-meanings propositions.
Moreover, the experience of life is that we seem to communicate with these things that inhabit our world. As Quine points out, "the mere fact that a sentence is couched in terms of observation, logic, and set theory does not mean that it can be proved from observation sentences by logic and set theory.
But most attributions or confessions of belief do make sense…. Quine' s Epistemology and the Problem of Circularity On. The Theory of Theories.
Quine, however, sees this as simply a point of usage, with no particular philosophical implications. And, as Quine has indicated, we could then define the meaning of an expression as the set of synonymous expressions.
Quine recognizes that the question, thus construed, is not exactly what earlier epistemologists had in mind, but argues that the change is justified: The natural language equivalent of variables in a formal language seem to be pronouns, but are there different varieties of pronoun?
The Philosophy of Logical Atomism.
Full coverage in this sense is the very business of physics, and only of physics" Quine, Theories and Things, p. Reprinted in Philosophical Papers.
It is not hard to see how such opinions arise. Likewise, no one is compelled to check out the situation on God, but it is eventually verifiable. From a logical point of view: Quine's ontology is thus hierarchical and allows what he calls 'semantic ascent'. However, these statements of Wittgenstein do not require these interpretations for they are so brief and without full context, but they certainly could be used to support some of the positions described above.
Blackwell,pages - Words and Objections. Essays on the Work of W. V. Quine Davidson, Donald, 2 Realism and the Background of Phenomenology Chisholm, Roderick M., Ed 2 The Problem of the Essential Indexical: And Other Essays Quine, W.
(Willard Van Orman) 2 The Social Stratification of English in New York City. ESSAY REVIEWS TWO RECENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE THEORY OF REFERENCE D. Davidson and J. Hintikka, eds., Words and objections: essays on the works of W. V. O. Quine. 1. The Paper. Philosophy of Language is organised around general questions of language and meaning.
The nature of language has long been an obsession of philosophers, more recently it has also become the focus of empirical investigation in linguistics.
Dedicated Journals on W. V. Quine (begun by Roger Gibson) Words and Objections: Essays on the Work of W.
V. Quine (published by D. Reidel), eds. D. Davidson and J. Hintikka. Published to commemorate Quine's 60th birthday, this volume contains essays by prominent philosophers and. Not only was Quine reading Carnap's work at this time, but Carnap was reading Quine's recent book, A System of Logistic, the published rewrite of his dissertation (Creath –# ).
Quine's respect for Carnap at this time is indisputable; a rapport had grown between the two such that they could easily exchange ideas and, for. See W. V. O. Quine, “Replies,” in Words and Objections: Essays on the Work of W.
V. Quine, ed. Donald Davidson and Jaakko Hintikka (Dordrecht; D. Reidel, ), p.in response to Jaakko Hintikka, “Behavioral Criteria of Radical Translation,” in Words and Objections, p.
79; see further W. V. Quine, “Existence and Quantification.Download