Hurricane Katrina was one of, if not, the most devastating natural disaster to hit the United States US ; while being the costliest and the third deadliest The Weather Channel, The effects, disruption, destruction, and loss associated with Katrina created an extremely high stressful environment FEMA, A second contribution of this study is that it examines how pre-hurricane and post-hurricane factors separately influence PD, PTSS, and their co-occurrence.
Displaced residents who were interviewed early in also exhibited high, distress levels Abramson et al. Given this extraordinary mobility, the response rates that were obtained are remarkably high. Analyses investigating the implications of using continuous rather than discretized measures of socio-demographics found no evidence of difference in significance.
Retrieved from The Weather Channel: Although the storm was devastating; the response was worse. Statistical significance was evaluated using two-sided.
Studies of those who lived in the FEMA subsidized hotels and trailers were found to have high degrees of depression, anxiety, and other psychological concerns along with chronic health problems. This process is a request that goes through the regional FEMA office and is then submitted to the President to receive federal assistance under the Stafford Act.
This study examines the long-run mental health consequences of Hurricane Katrina for a sample of low-income mothers who lived in New Orleans at the time of the hurricane.
Covariates also included the age of the respondent at the time of the hurricane, and measures of family composition just before the hurricane: Conclusion Hurricane Katrina was a devastating disaster with lasting concerns.
Discussion Disasters have a significant impact on the public and the environment; they may come in many forms and or sizes and may be slow approaching or sudden.
When disaster strikes the most urgent needs such as housing and emergency medical care need to be taken care of but as the storm subsides the mental health clean up must begin. Although the economic impact was not that profound outside the Louisiana and Mississippi area, the economic impact was devastating to these states and especially to the communities hit hard by Katrina.
If the survivors or responders did not seek assistance from these symptoms the likelihood of them developing PTSD is high. One study of the effects of Hurricane Andrew over 30 months found that depression remained stable, and some components of post-traumatic stress increased whereas others declined Norris et al.
Assessments of evacuees indicated that many were experiencing symptoms of emotional distress Brodie et al. This sample was weighted to adjust for under-sampling of baseline respondents without evidence of PTSD or psychological distress and for small differences between baseline and follow-up survey respondents on socio-demographic characteristics.
The K6 is a widely-used self-report scale that measures non-specific psychological distress and is used to screen for anxiety and mood disorders Furukawa et al.
Sectors that were affected by Katrina were; shipping, the Port of New Orleans and the entrance to the Mississippi River were closed for months; the commodities of soybeans, cotton, bananas, shrimp and oysters were all affected by Katrina and the shutting down of shipping. Table 1 Median time-to-onset of symptoms was one week inter-quartile range: Three months after a trauma occurs is when PTSD tends to be diagnosed amongst sufferers; those who will recover on their own have generally recovered and those who require more intensive clinical help can receive focused care.
Entire industries and commerce were destroyed; while the infrastructure of New Orleans was decimated. This produced a sample consisting primarily of African American mothers, many of whom were welfare recipients, who were older than typical college students.
Some may say that mitigation has not received the attention that is needed, but could there have been something done to help the people of New Orleans? Many of the local first responders were in the same situation that other residents found themselves in; the need to be rescued.
While the symptoms of trauma may seem overwhelming and damaging, most people experience stress symptoms following a trauma but they generally subside over the following days or weeks. Furthermore, the fact that most of the evacuees from Katrina were forced to leave in a hurry; this migration was not due to a profession change or personal reasons, so many left their personal belongs behind only to lose them to Katrina.
Another study followed a sample of displaced or greatly affected individuals from 6 to 12 months after the hurricane, to 20 to 24 months after the hurricane, and found high levels of mental distress that did not decline between the two surveys Abramson et al.
In New Orleans, of thehouse located within the citywere flooded with at least 6 feet of water and mud. As the rescue workers begin to depart, the scale of the damage hits home.
Although members of this group may be vulnerable, there is substantial variation in their post-disaster mental health outcomes. We excluded 9 respondents who moved away from New Orleans between the baseline survey and the hurricane, and another 27 who did not complete all psychological scales we used in our analysis.
Identification of predictors of chronic PTSD is important in targeting post-disaster treatment planning. Although the Federal Government may have been negligent and admitted that mistakes were made, the U.
New Orleans Metropolitan Area which experienced a flood versus the remaining hurricane area. In addition to providing information about Hurricane Katrina, this study makes several contributions to the larger literature on the mental health effects of natural disasters.Hurricane Katrina was one of the most devastating natural disasters in U.S.
history, with more than people killed, Although course of PTSD following disasters has been found to be similar to that associated with other traumas. Trauma and Stress Response Among Hurricane Katrina Evacuees Mary Alice Mills, BA, Donald Edmondson, MA, and Crystal L.
Park, PhD Mary Alice Mills, Donald Edmondson, and Crystal L. Park are with the Department of Psychology, Clinical Division, University of Connecticut, Storrs. Jan 02, · Hurricane traumas and the death of a family member or friend were associated with increased risk of experiencing a number of patterns of chronic problems.
Discussion Recovery of mental health after Hurricane Katrina has been slow. Nov 11, · Hurricane Katrina was a complex disaster involving many different component stressors, and our analysis of the individual and joint effects of these stressors suggests that different aspects of hurricane exposure were associated with child psychopathology in different disaster areas.
Psychologist and Media Commentator Robert R. Butterworth, Ph.D., Discusses Psychological Trauma Associated with Hurricane Katrina Share Article A Trauma psychologist who has treated victims of disasters discusses psychological trauma that could occur as Hurricane Katrina moves toward the South Florida Coast.
The Traumas Associated with Hurricane Katrina Michael A. Porch Saint Leo University Abstract Trauma is defined as; an extremely distressing experience that causes severe emotional shock and may have long-lasting psychological .Download